Learning Targets

For years I have been writing the learning target of the lesson as an essential question.  I add the strategies/skills and activities that will help answer the focus question. This became the students’ study guide, and I refer to the ‘map’ throughout the lesson.


One evening, as I was designing a lesson, I again looked through Morrison McGill’s 100 Ideas for Secondary Teachers for a refreshing idea and came across #55 ‘Spit it Out! (What? Why? How?)’.


Ah ha!  Three obvious questions so easily forgotten;  questions we should always be asking our students.   However, I now target the learning by asking What? Why? How?  The questions clarify my lesson design, and I hope my ELLs  make better sense of the lesson.


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